Discussions & Debates
First thing’s first, a need to address the ramifications of this conflict. There exists a crucial interlink between serious violations of human rights and crimes against humanity/war crime. The world is observing a live example of this interlinkage amidst the Israel-Palestine conflict, now that the former is accused of apartheid crime by the Human Rights Watch itself.
By now, it is visibly clear that the conflict between the two has escalated beyond a point, where the onus of loss/wrong cannot be put on just one side. This makes the situation miserable for those who are the victim of gross human rights violation streaming out of extremist actions. Since there exists a bleak demarcation of legal accountability at the international level, the states need to reconsider their negative obligations, a principle observed by the rules pertaining to international human rights.
Non-observance or we can say, denial of this duty by both sides remain the reason for this conflict to persist. For a non-state like Hamas to observe this is a distant possibility, the same is with Israel that outrightly rejects the international court’s jurisdiction. But here, it becomes pertinent to note that Hamas is not operating on behalf of a Palestinian state, and the Palestinian Authority might not have direct and effective control to stop it. This certainly does not imply that Gaza has no responsibility, whatsoever, toward their people and humanity in general. This brings us to the role of the Israeli government, which is more powerful (hence, has to be more responsible) and visibly on a higher pedestal, considering its hard power (arms/force) and that Gaza’s economic condition has always been in turmoil. Furthermore, other international states review their approach towards this issue, beyond power relations which is not serving a role of peace-making, rather gives leeway to certain states to systematically oppress the masses.
Since there exist multilayered issues (those including civil rights, residency, nationality, etc.) having complex consequences. Thus, the solution can’t be straight-jacketed, without pragmatism and compromise. Both the states have to reconsider their actions, affecting the civilians. However, the Israeli authorities should take into consideration that their actions would have a greater impact.
A better step forward would be to ensuring that Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza have full access to their human rights, using Israeli residents' rights as a yardstick and more than just cooperation from Hamas.
Several peace treaties have been proposed in the past still the conflict prevails just because some clauses are not acceptable by either of the country. Foreign affairs council, Brussels stats that the evictions made by Israel are not on Humanitarian grounds moreover the United nation office of high commissioner for the Human Rights Said the Israeli laws are inherently discriminatory in the way they are applied in this issue.
However, this can never justify the actions taken by Hamas in response as a representative of Palestine, violence is never a justifiable in this world.
“An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind”
Both should agree to a peace treaty which includes best possible balance between the demands from both side. Israel being worlds prominent Military power should understand this situation and should act responsively to stop the bloodshed at minimum.
Tensions in the Israel-Palestine conflict have escalated to the point where any reckless action by either party will pave the path to a grave humanitarian crisis. Over the years the issue has become so convoluted that there is no straight jacketed solution to it. Entities besides Israel and Palestine will have to take pro-active steps to de-escalate the situation and reach an agreeable solution.
It is evident that the situation at hand is extremely sensitive and layered but it can be simplified considerably if certain actors give up a political or economical standpoint and view the situation through a humanitarian lens.
There are three proposed solutions as of now: One state solution, two state solution and the three- state solution. International cooperation, suppression of extremist groups and an agreeable approach to dealing with the fragmentation in the region are the three pillars on which the hopes of peaceful settlement rest.
Before engaging in further discussion on the Israel-Palestine conflict, it is crucial to debunk the myth that Palestine does not have an organized and established representative organization. Granted that the Palestinian side has not coalesced into a state-like institution under the leadership of one dominant organization it would be naïve to believe that the matter is of unilateral aggression and can therefore be settled only by Israeli resolutions. It cannot be denied that Israel has the upper-hand and Palestine’s position is unstable owing to civil wars however, the support Hamas receives from Arab nations, particularly the funding from Saudi Arabia, should not be underestimated especially when terrorism has time and again proven to be a powerful factor weighing in on political moves during such crisis. Egypt’s refusal to accept the three-state plan because of the terrorist and extremist occupation of Gaza is a testimony to the potency of Palestinian organizations. The PLO has been active since 1948 and has been recognized by the UN as the representative organization of the Palestinians. By the Oslo Accords of 1993, Israel also recognized the authority of the PLO. There is also Fatah, an organization that is largely secular and non-violent. Palestine has established diplomatic relations with various countries and is recognized as a separate nation by 138 countries. This goes on to show that both sides will have to compromise and villainizing any one side will only add to the tension. There is no doubt that Israel has violated the Geneva Convention, committed apartheid and payed no heed to UN resolutions holding them accountable, but the narrative that Israel is the sole aggressor has to go in order to devise an effective long term solution to the problem.
The International community especially countries like Turkey, UAE, the USA, Canada and the U.K. need to take a definitive stand on these matters detached from their immediate political or economic interests. The USA has a crucial role to play because its support by a global superpower that has enabled Israel to ignore calls for reform in their approach to the conflict time and again. International scrutiny of actions violating Human Rights and UN resolutions will go a long way in discouraging disruptive actions from both sides and also in pushing Palestine and Israel to take stringent steps towards suppression of terrorism in both Israel and Palestine, which is in the way of every single solution currently on the table.
As mentioned earlier, the three-state model depends largely on the presence of terrorist organizations and the willingness of Egypt and Jordan to comply but is disregarded because Palestinians will have to give up their demand for a separate nation.
In the event of formation of two states, there will be minorities in each nation (owing to fragmentation of territories) who will be at constant risk of being massacred or of systemic oppression due to the divide the presence of such radical ideologies will cause. Besides, Israel will have to withdraw the settlements in west bank for the two-state solution to be viable because the fragmentation will negate any steps taken to form two separate nations with defined boundaries. International pressure, USA in particular, will play a very important role here.
One state solution cannot be implemented unless the masses are safe from extremist terrorist organizations. If the risk of extremist terrorism is eliminated, special arrangements such as selective autonomy to minority regions or laws specific to sensitive regions may be implemented to establish a conflict free single state.
It is not impossible to find a solution, there are countries like Canada and Belgium that follow a binational model and similar steps, relevant to the Israel-Palestinian context, can be taken to allow for peaceful coexistence of both the communities. Lack of trust and hatred are the foremost reason why no peace talks or initiatives to foster peace in the region have yielded fruitful results. Driven and consolidated efforts to cultivate understanding, clear misconceptions and reject radical groups is the need of the hour.
As we all know that Israel is the world superpower having plentiful of arms and resources, which will definitely affect the upcoming results of this conflict between the two nations. It is not possible for Palestine to win any sort of war against Israel and also Israel don't want to negotiate on any terms and conditions. The "one-state solution" is the best way to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict through the creation of a unitary, federal or confederate Israeli-Palestinian state, which would encompass all of the present territory of Israel, the West Bank including East Jerusalem, and possibly the Gaza Strip and Golan Heights.
Unescorted by advancement toward a consolidate peace settlement; one may witness more recommendations for provisional agreements as paths toward interim arrangements, with no assurances of achieving either a one-state or a two-state solution. The Palestinians will not welcome such short term alternatives or a disrupted state, a status which they have held for countless years. In such extreme situations, the international institutions should put their power politics aside and concentrate on reinstating tranquilly to the troubled region.
I think Confederation can be the best solution for the people of Israel and Palestine. They both will have each side and would have its own government, however can and would work together on security, resources, and economic issues. Free movement would be there and even residency between the two states, however citizens on each side of the country could vote only in their own elections. Moreover, the best solution can also to put aside the whole concept of Israeli-palestine agreement in favor of Israeli-Arab Agreement.
In my opinion one state solution is best where Israel and Palestine will be united as a secular democratic country where there will be equal freedom and rights for palestines, christian, muslims and jews.This solution has been discussed from past 20 years and the president of Israel also supports this one state solution. There are various advantages like the military budget will be less which can in turn be used for education and healthcare development. Also there exists various possibilities of integration under the one state solution. Through this one state solution finally there will be long lasting peace because everyone would be getting equal rights.
For me Coexistence would be the solution to this whole issue. It is like next to impossible to just define territory for both the countries and even if it is somehow done the issue might resurface again. And agreements have massively failed, the truce didn't even last for 12 hrs. So existing as a unified state would be the fair and last resort for them as natives, the people suffering would be at peace and they wouldn't have to be evicted either So, everybody wins.
Best long term solution for this conflict is to stop violence and fix the boundaries of each country. But it's not that easy, the issue of Jerusalem can be settled but the big issue is of Hebron I think.
Abraham, the father of all three religions (Jews, Islam, and Christian) was born in Hebron and the city right now is in Palestinian territory. Jews settlements are placed in a particular part of Hebron and majorly every hill is occupied by Israelis as a strategic move to be in advantage. This city is something which each religion wants to have a control on and that's why in my opinion it can be a good solution to give a passage to Israelis from Israel to come and visit Abraham's tomb in west bank just like kartarpur corridor and to remove jewish settlements from the city.
In that way Peace can be achieved in Hebron.
In Jerusalem, Al Aqsa compound can be accessible to Palestinians just like today with more security and peace efforts.
Western Wall is already in Jewish quarter and jews worshiping in synogogue peacefully.
Church of nativity is at Bethlehem in west bank and Christian must get a freely access to the born place of Jesus Christ.
Activities in Gaza strip must be stop and unnecessary violence by IDF must also be stop on Palestinians.
The issue of refugee camps in west bank and in neighbouring countries is something which is difficult to resolve now in my opinion because there is not any place left for them to stay.
Golan heights water conflict is something which can't be resolve without the efforts from both the countries, currently 97% of water supply is in the hand of Israel and it provides water in west bank and Gaza. Both countries should have equal access to water I think.
In a nutshell both countries have to compromise otherwise nothing can be achieved.
According to me first there should be a proposal for peace treaty between both the countries to reduce violence which Is the main concern. If that is not possible or very hard to achieve then there are two solutions about which the world is talking. First is one state solution also called as binational state which will create one democratic, secular state in which both Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs would live as citizens with equal rights. But Israelis do not support this solution as they think that this will destroy the state’s Jewish character and undermine the security of Israel. The other solution which I personally believe to be taken is two state solution which will create two states for two peoples, Israel and Palestine. This will also ensure that Israel would retain a Jewish majority hence remaining a Jewish state which is the main concern for Israel and the Palestinian state will have a Muslim Arab majority. Also if dividing boundaries is becoming to hard then both the countries can go with the solution of confederation where each side will be having its own government, but will work together on resources, security, and economic issues. Free movement and even residency between the two states must be allowed.
In the light of the current events, a resolution to the Israel-Palestine conflict remains difficult. There can be peace talks between the two countries and further negotiations on the two-state solution proposed by the United Nations. Any successful peace effort would have to address the four major core issues in the peace process: West Bank borders/settlements, Israeli security, Palestinian refugees, and Jerusalem.
One way forward to resolve the conflict is that the ICC judgement from February 2021 should be followed in effect. It empowers the International Criminal Court (ICC) to examine war criminals in the Palestinian Territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Also, there must be proper adherence to UNSC resolution 2344. It concerns the Israeli settlements in “Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem”. Firstly, it states that Israel’s settlement activity constitutes a clear violation of International Law and has “no legal validity”. Secondly, it demands that Israel stop such activity and fulfil its obligations as an occupying power under the Fourth Geneva Convention.
Further, in both Israel and Palestine, new leadership is required. It is important to democratize Palestinian society in order for a viable leadership to emerge. Domestic political compulsion also plays a role in the conflict. The peace effort will be given new hope by new leadership in both countries.